Mutton Rogan Josh is more than just a dish; it is a culinary journey through the rich and diverse tapestry of Indian cuisine, specifically Kashmiri cuisine. With origins deeply rooted in the stunning landscapes of Kashmir, this dish weaves together history, culture, and an exquisite blend of spices to create a culinary masterpiece.

At its core, Mutton Rogan Josh is a celebration of the timeless art of slow-cooking. It embraces the principles of patience and precision, allowing mutton to absorb the essence of a carefully curated spice blend. The name “Rogan Josh” itself is a testament to this process, with “Rogan” referring to the infused oil and “Josh” symbolizing the passionate, simmering heat that permeates each bite.

The heart of Mutton Rogan Josh lies in the meticulous selection and combination of spices. A symphony of flavors, featuring ingredients like cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, and the prized Kashmiri red chili powder, elevates this dish to a level of gustatory splendor. The result is a vibrant, red-hued gravy that is as visually captivating as it is flavorful.

Preparation Time: 20 minutes Cooking Time: 1.5 to 2 hours Serves: 4

Mutton Rogan Josh Ingredients :

  • 500g mutton (bone-in pieces, preferably with some fat)
  • 2 large onions, finely sliced
  • 2 tomatoes, finely chopped
  • 3 tablespoons yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons ginger-garlic paste
  • 4-5 tablespoons vegetable oil or ghee (clarified butter)
  • 2-3 green cardamom pods
  • 2-3 cloves
  • 1-inch cinnamon stick
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 2 teaspoons Kashmiri red chili powder (adjust to taste for heat and color)
  • 1 teaspoon ground coriander
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground fennel seeds
  • Salt to taste
  • Chopped fresh coriander leaves for garnish


  1. Heat the oil or ghee in a heavy-bottomed pot or pressure cooker over medium heat. Add the whole spices – cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, bay leaf, and cumin seeds. Sauté for a minute until they release their aroma.
  2. Add the finely sliced onions and sauté until they turn golden brown. This may take around 10-15 minutes, so be patient. Stir occasionally to ensure even browning.
  3. Once the onions are caramelized, add the ginger-garlic paste and sauté for another 2-3 minutes until the raw smell disappears.
  4. Reduce the heat and add the dry spices – turmeric powder, Kashmiri red chili powder, ground coriander, ground fennel seeds, and salt. Mix well and cook for a couple of minutes to toast the spices.
  5. Add the finely chopped tomatoes and cook until they turn soft and the oil starts to separate from the masala. This will take about 5-7 minutes.
  6. Stir in the yogurt and cook for another 2-3 minutes, continuously stirring to avoid curdling.
  7. Add the mutton pieces and sear them on high heat for 5-7 minutes until they turn brown on all sides.
  8. Pour in enough water to cover the mutton, close the pressure cooker lid (if using), and pressure cook for 3-4 whistles or simmer in a covered pot for 1.5 to 2 hours. The mutton should become tender and the gravy should thicken.
  9. Once the mutton is cooked to perfection, check the seasoning and adjust salt and spice levels if needed. Simmer for a few more minutes.
  10. Garnish your Mutton Rogan Josh with freshly chopped coriander leaves and serve hot with steamed rice or naan bread.

Enjoy the rich and aromatic flavors of this Kashmiri masterpiece, Mutton Rogan Josh, with your loved ones!

cooking tips

  1. Choose the Right Cut of Meat: For the best flavor and tenderness, use bone-in mutton pieces with some fat. This fat will render during cooking, infusing the dish with richness.
  2. Marinate the Mutton: Before cooking, marinate the mutton with yogurt and a pinch of salt for at least 30 minutes to an hour. This helps tenderize the meat and infuse it with flavor.
  3. Caramelize Onions Thoroughly: Take your time when caramelizing the onions. The depth of flavor in Mutton Rogan Josh depends on well-browned onions. Slow and patient caramelization is the key.
  4. Adjust Spice Levels: Kashmiri red chili powder gives the dish its vibrant red color without excessive heat. Adjust the quantity to suit your spice preference while maintaining the beautiful color.
  5. Toast Dry Spices: Toast the ground coriander and ground fennel seeds along with the other spices for a minute or two. This step enhances their flavors.
  6. Control Yogurt Temperature: When adding yogurt, make sure the heat is on low to prevent curdling. Stir continuously to incorporate the yogurt smoothly into the gravy.
  7. Choose the Right Cooking Method: While a pressure cooker can expedite the cooking process, slow-cooking the mutton in a heavy-bottomed pot can yield even more flavorful results. Allow the meat to simmer on low heat until tender.
  8. Use Kashmiri Red Chili Powder: Authentic Mutton Rogan Josh uses Kashmiri red chili powder for its unique flavor and color. If unavailable, you can mix regular chili powder with paprika to achieve a similar color.
  9. Taste and Adjust: Taste the dish at different stages and adjust the seasoning as needed. The balance of flavors is crucial in Mutton Rogan Josh.
  10. Rest Before Serving: Allow the cooked Mutton Rogan Josh to rest for a few minutes before serving. This allows the flavors to meld and the meat to become even more tender.

Mutton Rogan Josh, when prepared with care and consumed in moderation, can offer several health benefits:

  1. High-Quality Protein: Mutton is a rich source of high-quality protein, which is essential for muscle growth, repair, and overall body function. Protein can help in maintaining and building lean muscle mass.
  2. Nutrient-Rich: Mutton contains essential nutrients like iron, zinc, and B vitamins, including vitamin B12. These nutrients are vital for maintaining healthy blood cells, a robust immune system, and optimal energy levels.
  3. Rich in Healthy Fats: Mutton, especially when cooked with some fat, provides healthy fats like monounsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids. These fats are beneficial for heart health and can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  4. Spices with Health Benefits: The spices used in Mutton Rogan Josh, such as cloves, cardamom, and cinnamon, offer various health benefits. They have antioxidant properties and may help in managing inflammation and improving digestion.
  5. Aids in Iron Absorption: Mutton is a good source of heme iron, which is more easily absorbed by the body compared to non-heme iron found in plant-based foods. Adequate iron intake is important for preventing iron-deficiency anemia.


1. What does “Rogan Josh” mean?

  • “Rogan” translates to “oil” in Persian, and “Josh” means “intense heat” or “passion.” Together, “Rogan Josh” refers to the process of simmering spices in oil to create a rich and flavorful sauce.

2. Is Mutton Rogan Josh very spicy?

  • It can be spicy, but the level of heat can be adjusted to your preference. Kashmiri red chili powder is used to achieve the dish’s vibrant red color without excessive heat. You can control the spice level by adjusting the quantity of this chili powder.

3. Can I make Mutton Rogan Josh with other meats?

  • While traditionally prepared with mutton, you can make Rogan Josh with other meats like chicken, beef, or lamb. Cooking times may vary depending on the meat you choose.

4. How long does it take to cook Mutton Rogan Josh?

  • The cooking time can vary, but it generally takes about 1.5 to 2 hours to slow-cook mutton until it becomes tender and the flavors meld. Pressure cooking can expedite the process.

5. What’s the best cut of mutton for Rogan Josh?

  • Bone-in mutton pieces with some fat are ideal for Rogan Josh. The fat adds richness to the dish, and the bone imparts additional flavor during slow cooking.

6. Can I prepare Mutton Rogan Josh in advance?

  • Yes, Mutton Rogan Josh often tastes even better the next day as the flavors continue to develop. Store it in the refrigerator and reheat gently before serving.

7. What’s the traditional way to serve Mutton Rogan Josh?

  • Mutton Rogan Josh is traditionally served with steamed rice or naan bread. These accompaniments complement the rich and flavorful curry.

8. Can I freeze Mutton Rogan Josh?

  • Yes, you can freeze leftover Rogan Josh in airtight containers for up to 3 months. Thaw and reheat it before serving.

9. How can I reduce the oil content in Rogan Josh?

  • You can reduce the amount of oil used for cooking by using leaner cuts of meat and by sautéing the onions and spices in less oil. Using yogurt with lower fat content is another option.

10. What makes Kashmiri cuisine unique? – Kashmiri cuisine is known for its use of aromatic spices, saffron, and dried fruits. It often incorporates yogurt and cream into savory dishes, creating a rich and flavorful profile.